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Archive for the ‘Bible Studies’ Category

Why Study Theology?

Scott D. Crawford Clay, Alabama

The study of Theology, and specifically Christian Theology, is a quest we should concern ourselves intimately. On the most basic level Christians have a thirst to seek and understand the God we serve. This is the most fundamental understanding of what Theology is: the organized study (logos) of God (theos).1 Theology takes on the task of examining the existence and nature of the divine, and often extension is made in Theology to consider the entire range of man’s relationship to God. This is why the study of Theology is important. When we acknowledge God as supreme in our lives this demands that we seek to understand – as much as possible – who God is and how He relates to us. We take the time to learn from others what the Scriptures say in an effort to know the truths that are essential to a Christian’s faithful walk in this life, yet too often we don’t take the time to study those same Scriptures ourselves. We take the greatest weapon we have against the deceits of the Devil out of our own hands and leave it rusting in the corner. It is reported that Thomas Aquinas said, “(Theologia) a Deo decetur, Deum docet, ad Deum ducit,” which can be translated and paraphrased in this manner: “Theology is taught by God, and what God teaches us leads to God.”2

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Structure of the Local Ekklesia

Irvin Himmel
Temple Terrace, Florida

 

The Bible uses the word "church" (ekklesia in Greek) as a collective noun. Sometimes it applies to the aggregate of obedient believers everywhere (Eph. 5:23; Matt. 16:18). In this sense there is one church. Many times the word applies to the called out of the Lord in a specific locality, such as "the church of God which is at Corinth" (I Cor. 1: 2), or "the church of the Thessalonians" (I Thess. 1:1). If several localities are mentioned, the word may appear in the plural, such as "the seven churches which are in Asia" (Rev. 1:11), or "the churches of Judea" (Gal. 1:22).

Although there are many local "churches of Christ" (Rom. 16:16), in the universal sense there is only one church, or body, or kingdom that is "of Christ."

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What is silence of the Scriptures?

God is silent when He's not spoken.

For example, in Hebrews 7:14, Paul shows that Jesus was not authorized to be a priest under the Mosaic Law because Moses had "spoke nothing" concerning priests from Judah.

God's Silence is not Authoritative
Paul uses the fact that God's silence is not authoritative to show that the law had to be changed before Jesus could serve as our high priest (Heb. 7:12-14).

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The AD 70 Doctrine: Realized Eschatology 7

Problems Regarding Worship

(1) Should the Lord's Supper be observed after 70 A.D. ? According to 1 Corinthians 11:26, in partaking of the Lord's Supper we "proclaim the Lord's death till he come. " Since the A.D. 70 doctrine makes every coming of the Lord in the New Testament mean 70 A.D., we wonder, what are its advocates going to do about the Lord's Supper? There are two options open to them, and both are equally unacceptable. First, they could conclude that after 70 A.D., the Lord's Supper no longer proclaims Christ's death. But, this destroys the central meaning and effect of the Supper! Secondly, they could conclude that the Lord's Supper is no longer applicable to Christians, and cease partaking of it. Some Christians are currently wrestling with this consequence of their doctrine. Either horn of this dilemma is sharp, and will cause pain and great damage to the one who attempts to sit upon it. Which shall it be? Instead, why not renounce this system of error which places such devastating consequences upon the Christian's observance of the Lord's Supper?!

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The AD 70 Doctrine: Realized Eschatology 6

Problems Regarding Resurrection

(1) Luke 20:34-36. NO marriage and no death after 70 A.D.! This consequence centers upon the view that the "last days" are to be defined as the closing period of the Jewish age, 30-70 A.D., with the "Eternal days" continuing from that point. "We are now (emp. King's) in that world 'which is to come' . . .instead of being in the last days (emp. King's) we are in eternal days (emp., King's), world without end (Eph. 3:21)" (Ibid., p. 81). So, in the New Testament, those who lived between 30-70 A.D. were in the "last days," while we now live in the "eternal days." However, in Luke 20:34-36, Jesus contrasts "this world" and "that world" following the resurrection of the dead, and concludes that while marriage occurs in "this world," it will not be so in "that world." Plus, those who "are accounted worthy to attain to that world, and the resurrection of the dead, . . . die no more" (vv. 35-36). Are people still marrying after 70 A.D.? Of course they are! Are they still dying? Most certainly! Is the period of Christianity in which we now live termed the "eternal days" in the New Testament? No! Otherwise, following 70 A.D., Christians would be prohibited from marrying, and neither could they die anymore! The A.D. 70 doctrine is false!

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